Institutional animal care and use committee with the Adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) Antagonist Source University of South
Institutional animal care and use committee of your University of South Florida and followed institutional and national recommendations. Reverse transcription CR evaluation of SHP2E76K messenger RNA expression Tissue samples had been snap frozen in liquid nitrogen. RNA was extracted using Trizol reagent (Life Technologies). Samples have been treated with DNase I (Life Technologies) to avoid DNA contamination and reverse transcription CR (RT CR) was performed using the SuperScript One-Step RT CR Platinum Taq program (Life Technologies) using the following primers: SHP2F1: 5-GGTTGGACAAGGGAATACGG-3 and SHP2R2: 5-AGGGCTCTGATCTCCACTCG-3. The protocol to get a 50 l RT CR reaction was as follows: 30 min complementary DNA synthesis at 55 , 4 min denaturation at 94 then 35 cycles of 94 for 30 s, 57 for 30 s, then 72 for 30 s having a final extension step of 72 for four min, which yields a 462 bp fragment. Histological and immunohistochemical examination Right after euthanasia, the mouse lungs had been flushed twice with ten ml phosphatebuffered saline and insufflated with ten buffered formalin. Immediately after fixation overnight in 10 buffered formalin resolution at room temperature, paraffin blocks have been ready by standard procedure by the Histology Service with the Tissue Core of the MNK supplier Moffitt Cancer Center. Sections (four m thick) were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H E) for histological examination. For immunohistochemical evaluation of pErk1/2, slides had been stained using a Ventana Discovery XT automated system (Ventana Health-related Systems, Tucson, AZ). Slides were deparaffinized with EZ Prep solution (Ventana). Heat-induced antigen retrieval approach was used in Cell Conditioning 1 (Ventana). A rabbit anti-pErk1/2 (#4376, Cell Signaling, Danvers, MA) was applied at a 1:200 dilution in PSS diluent (Ventana) and incubated for 32 min. Anti-rabbit secondary antibody (Ventana) was made use of for 20 min. The detection technique made use of was the Ventana OmniMap kit and slides have been counterstained with hematoxylin. Immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation, kinase assay and mass spectrometry Antibodies to SHP2, Erk1/2, phospho-Erk1/2 (pErk1/2), Gab1, Akt, c-Myc and -actin had been obtained from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (Santa Cruz, CA).Flag (rabbit), pGab1 (Y627), phospho-Akt (pAkt) and phospho-Src (pSrc) antibodies had been from Cell Signaling Technologies. Anti-Src antibody was from Calbiochem (Billerica, MA) and M2 Flag antibody was from Sigma (St Louis, MO). Antibodies to MDM2 (clone 2A9) and MDMX (clone 8C6) were as described (38,39). The anti-p53 antibody was from IMGENEX (San Diego, CA). Frozen tissues had been crushed and lysed with lysis buffer (50 mM Tris Cl, pH 7.five, 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, 1 mM ethyleneglycol-bis(aminoethylether)-tetraacetic acid, 25 mM NaF, five mM Na4P2O7, 1 mM dithiothreitol, 1 mM Na3VO4, one hundred g/ml phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, two g/ml leupeptin, two g/ml aprotinin and 1 Triton X-100). Equal amounts of proteins from cleared tissue lysate supernatants were separated by ten sodium dodecyl sulfate olyacrylamide gels and transferred to nitrocellulose filters for immunoblotting. Flag-tagged SHP2 was immunoprecipitated from cleared tissue lysate supernatants by using the anti-Flag M2 antibody and Protein-G agarose. Immunoblotting was performed as described previously (15,29). Cells were cultured and cell lysates have been ready for immunoblotting or immunoprecipitation analyses similar to that described previously (15,29). Methylcellulose colony formation assay was performed as described (29.