gulate pathogenicity in several phytopathogenic fungi (Sun et al., 2020). In U. virens, MAPK proteins UvHog1, UvCDC2, UvSLT2 and UvPmk1 have conserved roles in regulating pressure responses, hyphal development, and secondary metabolism, and also the final three proteins were additional confirmed to be connected with pathogenicity experimentally (Zheng et al., 2016; Liang et al., 2018; Tang et al., 2019). cAMP signaling pathwayrelated proteins, cyclase-associated proteins UvCAP1, adenylate cyclase UvAc1 and phosphodiesterase UvPdeH also involved in regulating the intracellular Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) level, development, and pathogenicity of U. virens (Guo et al., 2019; Cao et al., 2021). The “pears and lemons” protein UvPal1 physically interacted with UvCdc11 to mediate the septin complex to retain the cellular morphology and virulence of U. virens (Chen et al., 2020b). Putative phosphatase UvPsr1 and UvAtg8-mediated autophagy had been also essential for mycelial development, conidiation, strain response and pathogenicity (Meng et al., 2020; Xiong et al., 2020). These benefits offer a vital theoretical basis for understanding the molecular mechanisms of U. virens. Nevertheless, mGluR1 Storage & Stability despite these important advances, because of its slow development price and also the difficulty of pathogenicity detection, understanding of the distinctive pathogenic mechanism of U. virens in rice continues to be quite limited and needs to be additional experimentally verified. The SUN protein family is derived from four homologous genes SIM1, UTH1, NCA3 and SUN4 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Firon et al., 2007). It really is a distinctive protein household in ascomycetes. The C-terminal of SUN protein has a highly conserved sequence of 258 amino acids (SUN domain, pfam03856), which includes a Cys-X5 -Cys-X3 -Cys-X24 -Cys motif. According to the amount of amino acids amongst the third and fourth cysteines with the conserved motif, SUN protein could be divided into two groups, namely Group-I with 24 amino acids amongst the two cysteines and Group-II with a number of insertions involving these two cysteines (Firon et al., 2007). As much as now, the SUN proteins that have been located and studied are primarily in yeast, involving in nDNA replication, cell septation, cell wall morphogenesis, mitochondrial biogenesis, pressure response, aging processes along with other physiological activities (Hiller et al., 2007; Ritch et al., 2010; Sorgo et al., 2013). Candida albicans Sun41p has also been confirmed to be linked with pathogenicity (Hiller et al., 2007; Firon et al., 2007; Sorgo et al., 2013). In filamentous fungi, to our know-how, two Group-I SUN family members proteins have already been experimentally studied. AfSUN1 from Aspergillus fumigatus, the causal agent of aspergillosis in humans, was reported to become involved in fungal morphogenesis(Gastebois et al., 2013). Furthermore, Gastebois et al. (2013) studied the biochemical characteristics of A. fumigatus Afsun1p and Candida albicans Sun41p, displaying that they can particularly hydrolyze straight chain -(1, three)-glucan, and represents a new glucan hydrolase family (GH132). BcSUN1, which consists of a signal peptide for secretion and potentially hyper-O-glycosylated regions, is involved in maintaining the structure in the cell wall, the extracellular matrix and the SphK1 Biological Activity pathogenesis in Botrytis cinerea, a necrotrophic plant fungal pathogen (Gonz ez et al., 2012; P ezHern dez et al., 2017). Furthermore, functions with the Group-II SUN family members proteins in filamentous fungi are unique. Deletion of AfSUN2 in a. fumigatus